John Bowlby proposed, in his theory of attachment, that humans are ‘hardwired’ to respond to social releasers from infants – they can’t help but respond to an infant’s smiles or cries of distress and this responsiveness is in our genes. New research has provided evidence of the brain circuitry involved in this response. Dr. Madoka Noriuchi and his colleagues in Tokyo (2008, abstract) used a brain scanning technique (fMRI) to look at how mothers’ brains respond to infants who are happy or upset/crying. Certain areas were active when the mothers observed their own infant’s smiles and cries as opposed to other infants (in particular it was areas in the cerebral cortex and limbic system). Smiling and crying are attachment behaviours – they elicit caregiving from the infant’s mother figure and ensure safety for the infant. This research shows us the neurophysiological basis for the attachment response (maternal love) and supports the view that such a response is innate – because there is a specialised area in the brain that responds.
A Level A Level Psychology Anne Watson assessment authors Back to school Ben Crystal book list Books for teens brain children's authors children's books children's dictionaries children's fiction classroom comprehension concepts/language confirmation bias CPD critical thinking curriculum david crystal definitions depression Dictionaries dictionary Digital drama ed-tech Education english English Literature ethics Exam insights exams false friends funny books GCSE guided reading history History teacher home learning human sciences implications independent reading Jill Carter knowledge questions KS1 KS2 KS3 language learning literacy literature Mastery mathematics maths maths education maths mastery media memory methodology MFL natural sciences non-fiction Ofsted Ofsted Education Inspection Framework 2019 perspectives Phonics post-sats primary primary maths psychology reading reading for pleasure reading list Rebecca Priest remote learning research revision Sam Holyman SATs science secondary shakespeare Shakespeare400 shared knowledge teaching technology TOK emotion TOK intuition TOK language TOK reason TOK sense perception truth Vocabulary Word Gap words world book day writing